Influencia del capital físico y humano en la supervivencia de nuevas empresas

Lorenzo Revuelto Taboada, Virginia Simón Moya

Resumen


El propósito de este estudio es analizar la influencia del capital físico y humano en la supervivencia de nuevas empresas en diferentes contextos económicos. Para ello, se lleva a cabo un estudio utilizando un modelo logit que analiza las probabilidades de supervivencia de las empresas de nueva creación. Los resultados muestran que tanto el capital humano como el físico influyen en la supervivencia de las empresas en el corto y largo plazo, siendo especialmente importante el papel que desempeña el capital humano. Las implicaciones del estudio giran en torno a dos hallazgos sustanciales. El primero es que destaca el potencial de los gobiernos en la promoción de formas más eficientes de emprendimiento. El segundo es que el tipo de motivación –necesidad u oportunidad– del emprendedor y la importancia de ciertos tipos de capital también determinan las probabilidades de supervivencia de las empresas.


Palabras clave


capital físico; capital humano; empresas de nueva creación; supervivencia de las empresas

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16967/rpe.v2n1a3

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